Cornell Senior Class Book 1906
The Most Famous Cornellian: Leo Max Frank (1902 to 1906)
1904-5: Junior (spent the summer of 1905 in Europe)
Graduation Date June 21st 1906 (see Leo Frank graduation photo on Flickr)
Cornell Senior Class Book, Page 79:
Leo Max Frank hails from sleepy Brooklyn, famed for graveyards, breweries and baby carriages. Blossoming in the cotton fields of Texas and finding southern life too easy, he migrated to New York's slumberland. The far-fanted beauty of Ithaca's scenery induced him to choose Cornell as his Alma Mater. His genius found expression in three-phased generators and foundry work, where he soon gained the reputation of being the champion hot-air artist of the University by his happy faculty of talking all day and saying nothing. His services as a debating coach for the Congress debate teams have made him a fame hard to equal. This proficiency as an air shooter will doubtless win Max success as a gas jet.
Demographics of Leo Max Frank.
According to Leo Frank's 1907, 1908, official US government registered passport (Ancestry.com, retrieved 2013) and college yearbook (1906), he was 5'8" tall. According to Leo Frank's 1906 class senior year book demographic information, on pages 344 and 345, Leo Frank was 145lbs during college. Leo Frank was an amateur photographer and registered politically as Independent. His service as debating team coach earned him the nickname "Professor".
Leo Frank Partisan Girly Man Hoax
Jewish-American Leo Frank partisan authors Steve Oney and Albert Lindemann allege Leo Frank in 1913 was 5'6" tall, and Steve Oney claims Leo Frank was 130lbs. In 1913, Leo Frank was 5'8" and likely weighed 150lbs to 160lbs, given what we know about human weight gain after college and marriage, as recorded statistically over the last 100 years from medical records.
The intention of falsifying Leo Frank's height and weight by Leo Frank partisans is to make Leo Frank seem smaller than he really was in real life back in 1913, and thus make it seem less likely he would have attacked Mary Phagan, who was 4'11" and 115 to 120lbs in 1913. A 29-year old man at 5'8" and weighing 150 to 160lbs could easily overpower a 4'11", 13-year-old girl, weighing 115 to 120lbs. The ultimate intention of the Leo Frank Girlyman Hoax is to make it seem like the murder was more likely to have been perpetrated by Jim Conley, a "low squat thickly built negro" who was in real life about 5'7" tall, or one inch shorter than Leo Frank.
Leo Frank's defenders have waged a disinformation campaign over the last several generations concerning the facts of the Leo Frank case, that have amounted to a social and political culture war for more than a century.
Leo Frank Activities
Leo Frank's hobbies included chess, amateur landscape photography - with a number of surviving photos taken from different parts of central Europe. Leo Frank played basketball and tennis on his college class team for 4 years (according to Alumni Research Staff), was a debating team member for 4 years and attained the rank of debate team coach and Cornell Congress debating team coach.
Leo Frank was a gregarious athlete and scholar, which in most people's minds, makes it much harder to believe he would commit such a grizzly murder on Saturday, April 26, 1913, in Atlanta, Ga.
Leo Frank Morphology
Leo Frank was a very bright engineer, but an effete superintendent and director who was slightly blind in his left eye, which was out of orbit laterally to the two o'clock position. He had very full girlish lips and a strong chiseled jaw that was colorfully described by Tom Watson using satyr and simian related terminology in his weekly Jeffersonian newspaper and his monthly Watson's Magazine (Jan, Mar, Aug, Sept,& Oct. 1915) the year of the lynching. Leo Frank was a left handed renaissance man active in many social and philanthropic organizations. Leo Frank may have suffered from Micropenia, according to an alleged admission he made to Jim Conley "I'm not built like other men". Conley provided evidence that suggested Leo Frank had a predilection for cunnilingus.
It seems completely unlikely he would lure a 13-year old girl to the backroom of a shuttered factory and use her temporarily laid of status as a species of sexual coercion, but allegedly he confessed to committing the murder to his accomplice after the fact, Jim Conley, between 12:15pm and 12:30pm on April 26, 1913; his wife, Lucille Selig, in the evening after the murder occurred; the Courtroom on August 18, 1913 in the afternoon session; and in the March 9th, 1914, Atlanta Constitution.
How it unfolded
When Mary Phagan refused Leo Frank's sexual advance in the metal room, it would be for the last time. After one calendar year of Leo Frank's sexual innuendos, propositions and harassment slowly evolved into a frustrated infatuation, the obsession came to a deadly conclusion, as Phagan's head slammed backward on the solid iron handle of a lathe in the metal room, causing her to crumple unconsciously to the floor.
Leo Frank dragged Phagan into the metal room bathroom area and cut off a section (petty coat) of her frilly and feminine lavender dress from the fringe bottom to the crotch. Lifting up her dress, he then pinched and cut open her bloomers across the vulva. Leo Frank frenetically unbuckled his pants, pulled down his underwear and raped Mary Phagan while she was unconscious. As she began to wake up and cry, and hold her hand over the black and blue eye she had been given, Leo Frank realized he only had one permutation in this equation, given what the race riots of 1906, seven years prior, revealed about the Southern tradition of castrating without anesthesia and lynching Negro rapists.
So Leo Frank got up, snatched a 7 inch pre-looped rope hanging from a nail on the wall, and placed it around Mary Phagan's neck and fist flexed until White knuckled. Leo Frank strangled to death little 13-year old Mary Anne Phagan (June 1, 1899 to Saturday, April 26, 1913), @ 12:07 PM in the bathroom of the metal room, on the second floor of the National Pencil Company, at 37-41 South Forsyth Street in Atlanta, Georgia. When Mary Phagan was found dumped in the basement she was soaked in blood and urine.
The most reliable primary and secondary sources about Mary Phagan's murder, Leo Frank's trial, appeals and aftermath.
1. The Murder of Little Mary Phagan by Mary Phagan Kean (b. June 5, 1954) was written by the namesake and grandniece of Mary Phagan (1899 - 1913) -- the little girl who was murdered on Georgia Confederate Memorial Day, April 26, 1913. Phagan-Kean produces a rare neutral account of the Mary Phagan murder investigation, coroner's inquest, grandjury indictment, and trial of Leo Frank, including the appeals (1913-1915) and aftermath of the case (1982-1986), that is engaging and well worth reading. Phagan-Kean's book is a very refreshing change from the endless number of contemporary books written by Leo Frank activists over the generations who quote and plagiarize other Leo Frank activists' academic dishonesty and falsified research, to create an artificial consensus of history that Leo Frank was innocent. For more than one hundred years Leo Frank activists have relied upon using fallacious evidence and fabrication about the Leo Frank case to racistly transform the 1913 affair into an anti-Gentile ethno-religious conspiracy.
2. American State Trials, volume X (1918) by John Davison Lawson LLD (Available here on www.Archive.org) the review tends to favor Leo Frank and his legal defense team, because the document provides an abridged version of the trial testimony, redacting and leaving out some very important details damaging to Leo Frank.
Be sure to read the abridged closing arguments of Hugh Dorsey, Frank Arthur Hooper, Luther Rosser and Reuben Rose Arnold. A chronology of Leo Frank's appeals is also included. The last segment provides a detailed account of Leo Frank's lynching.
For a much clearer picture of the trial testimony, read the elusive Leo Frank Trial Brief of Evidence (BOE, 1913) for the official version of the trial testimony. Compare the American State Trials Volume X 1918 version of the BOE with the official record of the Leo Frank trial brief of evidence (1913) to see what was left out (the juiciest stuff) from the American State Trials Volume X, 1918.
3. Argument of Hugh M. Dorsey in the Trial of Leo Frank (Available here on www.Archive.org). Some but not all of the 9 hours of arguments given to the jury at the end of the Leo Frank trial on August 22nd, 23rd, and 25th of 1913 (the 24th was Sunday). Very few libraries in the United States have original copies of this books. There has been an effort over the last 100 years to steal and destroy the remaining copies so as to suppress Hugh Dorsey's closing arguments and peroration.
This excellent book is required reading to see how the prosecutor Hugh Dorsey in sales vernacular: "closed", a Jury panel of 13 men, made up of a judge with a reputation for conscientiousness, along with a jury of 12 men.
On appeals Leo Frank's defense team submitted a petition to judge Roan on 107 grounds for why Leo Frank should get a new trial -- every single ground was rejected with an explanation on October 31, 1913. Judge Roans rejection of each and every one of the 107 grounds put before him, causes most 20th and 21st century neutral observers to realize the judge's appeasing oral remarks to his former law-partner Luther Rosser about questions of Leo Frank's "innocence or guilt" were nothing more of a business courtesy, than an expression of doubt.
At a later time after state appeals to the Georgia Supreme Court failed, Superior Court Judge Benjamin Hill on March 7th, 1914, scheduled Leo Frank to hang on his 30th birthday April 17, 1914, revealing the ultimate truth and strength of his verdict.
4. Leo M. Frank, Plaintiff in Error, vs. State of Georgia, Defendant in Error. In Error from Fulton Superior Court at the July Term 1913, Brief of Evidence. Extremely rare, only 3 original copies exist, and they are held at the Georgia State Archive (The unabridged version is available on www.archive.org the version in American State Trials Volume X, 1918 is abridged).
Three Major Atlanta Dailies: The Atlanta Constitution, The Atlanta Journal, The Atlanta Georgian (Hearst's Tabloid Yellow Journalism), The most relevant issues center around April 28th to August 27th 1913.
5. Atlanta Constitution Newspaper: The Murder of Mary Phagan, Coroner's Inquest, Grand Jury, Investigation, Trail, Appeals, Shanking and Lynching of Leo Frank Case in the Atlanta Constitution Newspaper from 1913 to 1915.
6. The Atlanta Georgian newspaper: This selection is covering the Leo Frank Case from April though August, 1913.
7. The Atlanta Journal Newspaper, April, 28, 1913, through till the end of August, 1913, pertaining to the Leo Frank Case:
Leo Frank confirms in a jailhouse interview that he might have been in the men's toilet in the metal room (shockingly the prosecution's theory where the murder occurred) at the time Monteen Stover said his office was empty between 12:05 p.m. and 12:10 p.m.
Link: Atlanta Constitution, Monday, March 9, 1914, Leo Frank Jailhouse Interview
8. Tom Watson's Jeffersonian and Watson's Magazine: Watson's Magazine, January 1915, Watson's Magazine, March 1915; Watson's Magazine, August 1915, Watson's Magazine, September 1915, and Watson's Magazine, October of 1915. (Available here on www.Archive.org). Tom Watson's best work on the Leo M. Frank case was published in August and September of 1915. Watson's five works written collectively on the Leo M. Frank topic, provide logical arguments confirming the guilt of Leo M. Frank with superb reasoning. Originals of these magazines are extremely rare and very difficult to find.
1. The Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (January 1915) Watson's Magazine Volume 20 No. 3. See page 139 for the Leo Frank Case. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga.
2. The Full Review of the Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (March 1915) Volume 20. No. 5. See page 235 for 'A Full Review of the Leo Frank Case'. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga..
3. The Celebrated Case of The State of Georgia vs. Leo Frank By Tom Watson (August 1915) Volumne 21, No 4. See page 182 for 'The Celebrated Case of the State of Georgia vs. Leo Frank". Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga..
4. The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert By Tom Watson (September 1915) Volume 21. No. 5. See page 251 for 'The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert'. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga..
5. The Rich Jews Indict a State! The Whole South Traduced in the Matter of Leo Frank By Tom Watson (October 1915) Volume 21. No. 6. See page 301. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga..
Tom Watson's Jeffersonian Newspaper
9. The Tom E. Watson Digital Papers Archive, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill:
Tom W. Brown
10. Notes on the Case of Leo M. Frank, By Tom W. Brown, Emery University, Atlanta, Georgia, 1982. (despite its errors - like mentioning Mary Phagan had bitemarks on her - it is otherwise a great analysis).
Leo Frank Georgia Supreme Court Records (1913, 1914):
11. Leo Frank Georgia Supreme Court Records (1,800 pages).
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Subject: Leo Frank the Gas Jet
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